How to make stovetop espresso at home easily in a Moka Pot

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How to Make Stovetop Espresso at home easily with a Moka pot

milano stovetop espresso maker coffee maker

So you want to learn how to use a stovetop espresso maker? Here are 7 steps to perfect Italian Moka Stovetop espresso coffee! A stovetop espresso maker is also called an Italian coffee maker, moka pot or a coffee percolator.

It is a great stovetop coffee maker to making a rich dark coffee or a stovetop espresso. It is a budget-friendly and easy to clean alternative to expensive electric espresso machines.

What is a Stovetop Espresso Maker?

Stovetop espresso makers were first introduced in 1933 by Alfonso Bialetti in Italy. It is generally called an Italian coffee maker, or a Moka pot. It is a type of Italian percolator for making stovetop espresso coffee. This is an easy to use stovetop coffee maker that makes a high quality stovetop espresso coffee. They are very popular around the world, especially in Europe and Latin America. That is because they make a very rich and tasty cup of coffee. The highest quality stove-top espresso makers have Italian safety valves. These safety valves make sure the coffee percolator can withstand the high water pressure that develops during the brewing process.

VIDEO: How to make stovetop espresso easily in a grosche milano

So are you ready to use an Italian Coffee maker to brew a stovetop espresso? Follow our quick step-by-step instructions on how to make espresso in a stovetop espresso maker.

Stovetop Espresso Maker vs. Espresso Machine

You’d be surprised how good espresso from a coffee percolator tastes. A stovetop espresso maker produces a richer and tastier coffee than your regular coffee machine. But it’s lighter and not as heavy as that from an electric espresso maker. Stovetop espresso makers are small and sleek and don’t take up a lot of counters or cupboard space.

It’s a budget-friendly alternative from bulky electric espresso machines. And all you need is an electric or gas stove-top.

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Interested in a premium stainless steel italian coffee maker? Check out our MILANO Steel here.

How Do They Work?

A coffee percolator has three main parts.  First, there is a bottom chamber for water. Secondly, a funnel to hold the coffee grinds. Finally, there is a top chamber that holds the coffee once it’s brewed. How an Italian coffee maker works is easy. The boiling water from the bottom of the chamber makes steam. The steam reaches enough pressure to force the hot water up the funnel. The hot water goes through the coffee grinds and into the top chamber. The steam brewing water gives a bold coffee flavour. This way an Italian stovetop coffee maker brews a thick and rich Moka coffee. Also commonly known as Italian espresso.

GROSCHE milano chrome stovetop espresso maker manual coffee maker moka pot greca stovetop percolator
GROSCHE milano chrome stovetop espresso maker manual coffee maker moka pot greca stovetop percolator
GROSCHE milano chrome stovetop espresso maker manual coffee maker moka pot greca stovetop percolator

Aluminum Stovetop espresso makers come in many shapes and sizes. They range from a single serve coffee maker to multiple cups to accommodate groups.  The most common sizes are 3 cup, 6 cup and 9 cup.

But remember these are 3/6/9 “espresso cup” sizes, not 3 large cups or mugs of coffee! An “espresso cup” is also referred to as an espresso shot.

What is the actual liquid capacity of each size of moka espresso coffee maker? View our GROSCHE Milano stovetop espresso maker page for this and more information about moka pots.

GROSCHE Milano family stovetop espresso maker moka pot coffee

—--Perfect For Camping Too! —--

Want an easy way to brew coffee while camping? Turns out stovetop espresso makers are perfect to take to a picnic, camping, or to your cottage. They are convenient, easy to use, and don’t need electricity. All you need is fresh coffee, a manual coffee grinder, and your Italian espresso maker.

GROSCHE milano black stovetop espresso maker manual coffee maker moka pot greca stovetop percolator for outdoors and camping

How To Make Stovetop Espresso Coffee At Home Easily With a Moka Pot:

Step 1: Disassemble your Moka Pot stovetop espresso coffee maker

First, take apart your coffee percolator into its three pieces. They are the bottom boiler, the middle coffee funnel, and the top coffee chamber.

Next, check to make sure the silicone seal on the bottom of the coffee chamber is there and is kink free. It should be in good condition for a good seal.

Step 2: Add in filtered water

After that, pour filtered water into the bottom chamber. Fill it to just below the safety valve for a classic Italian style Moka coffee.

Safety tip!  Don’t fill water above the safety valve. The safety valve is there to release pressure in case the pressure is too high. That can be due to any blockages. The safety valve avoids a possible explosion of the pot from high pressure. Make sure the stovetop coffee maker you use has an Italian safety valve. Some coffee percolators use cheap valves that can lead to dangerous accidents while making coffee. Check out the MILANO if you’re interested in buying one.

Step 3: Add fine ground coffee in the filter funnel

Fill the filter funnel with freshly ground medium to fine coffee or espresso grinds. The grinds should be level with the top of the filter.

Slightly pat the grinds down but don’t compress the grounds in the funnel or the water will not flow through. Tamping the coffee should only be done in electric high pressure espresso makers. Also, compressing the grinds can make excess pressure buildup in the boiler (bottom) water chamber. That can create a potentially unsafe situation.

Step 4: Re-assemble the espresso maker

After that, place your filter into the bottom chamber and screw the upper chamber to the bottom securely.

Step 5: Place on the stove top

Next, put your stovetop coffee maker on low to medium heat of your electric or gas stove. Make sure the handle is not in contact with the heat.

Step 6: Once coffee starts to brew, turn heat down to the lowest setting

Once you hear the coffee start to emerge from the filter funnel, turn down the heat and leave it to complete percolating.

Step 7: Coffee is ready!

When the ‘gurgling’ stops in your stovetop coffee maker and top chamber is full of espresso, your coffee is ready.

GROSCHE milano white stovetop espresso maker manual coffee maker moka pot greca stovetop percolator

How to clean your stovetop espresso maker

Now that you know how to use a stovetop espresso maker, it’s time to clean it. Cleaning your coffee percolator is important for maintaining great tasting coffee. We don’t recommend putting it in the dishwasher to prevent any salt-like built up from occurring. Also, the aluminum will oxidize and turn black and tarnish, and look rusted too.

The best way to clean your stovetop espresso maker is using warm water and a tough sponge. They say the older a moka pot gets the better its coffee tastes. And using soaps remove the conditioning that a moka pot gets with time.

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Detergent is not necessary and also not recommended. That is why they say that the older these coffee makers get, the better the coffee tastes. You may have heard that in Italy grandma’s Moka espresso maker is the prized possession of the family.

Replace the seals for your coffee percolator every 6 months!


Once you know how to use a stovetop espresso maker, you have to know about the seals. When cleaning your pot, take a look at the rubber seal and gasket for any hard build up. So if you find any build up or if the seal appears to be damaged, it’s time for replacements. Usually, the seals should be changed every 6 months. Also if you are a heavy user of the Moka pot you may need to replace them more often.

The gasket keeps the seal and safety of the pot, so it’s very important for it to be in good shape.

What are the sizes for Italian espresso maker seals and gaskets?

There are three common sizes to the espresso maker gaskets. The seals come in 3, 6, or 9 cup sizes and are mostly universal in their fit. You should carefully remove the seal in your espresso pot and measure it and compare to the chart below. Then you can select the right one to buy for your Moka pot gasket replacement.

GROSCHE-stovetop-espresso-maker--seal-size chart gasket

38 thoughts on “How to Make Stovetop Espresso at home easily with a Moka pot

  1. Asim says:

    Hi. The shop I get coffee stuff from only had a three cup bialetti Moka express pot. I’m the only person in the house who has coffee though. How do I adjust the brew ratio for myself

    • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

      Hi Asim, unfortunately we do not recommend adjusting the ratios of any of the moka pots as the results will not produce the same quality tasting coffee. When you use smaller amounts, there is no pressure in the pot which gives the moka coffee its strong bold flavour. We only suggest that you purchase a smaller size moka pot to brew smaller amounts for yourself, or brew the full 3 cups.

      Thanks for the question!

  2. Rob Allen says:

    Just rec’d my Grosche pot. Have tried multiple tunes to get it to perc without success. Steam emerges from the funnel in the top pot but no coffee. Any suggestions?

    • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

      Hi Rob, I have a few suggestions and if continues to not work, please reach out to [email protected] to assist you further.

      Make sure that you are filling the water to the bottom of the safety valve, the coffee grinds fill the filter to the top (no compression), and that the top of the pot is screwed on tight. The heat on your stove should be around medium-high to boil the water (you can also pre-boil the water to speed up the process) which allows it to flow through the funnel. If the heat is too low it may just steam as it will take a very long time to get hot enough. Also keep in mind if you are using an induction stove, that may be the problem as they do not heat aluminum properly.

      Again, if the issue persists, please reach out to [email protected] as you may have just received a faulty pot.


  3. Shelley Musaev says:

    hi. I just received my Grosche 3 cup Moka pot. Just curious , if I don’t have a coffee grinder, what type of coffee should I purchase to maximize the deliciousness taste of the coffee. I won’t be able to grind up fresh coffee beans every single time. Thank you

    • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

      Hi Shelley, thanks for the question! Regular fine grind coffee is perfect for the moka pot espresso makers. Ultimately, if you had a grinder I would recommend a medium-fine grind, but both works great!We don’t recommend using espresso grind coffee as it may create too much pressure in the pot while brewing and we don’t want you to end up with a coffee mess in your home. 🙂 This is why we also suggest not compressing the coffee when putting the grinds in the filter, as there needs to be some room for the water to flow through the filter. Enjoy your new moka pot!

  4. Carey Goldsmith says:

    I received this as a gift from a family friend. We have and electric stove and the card inside the box said do not use in induction stove however the article says for use in electric or gas stoves. Can I use this in my electric stove without damaging the Moko Espresso Maker? Thank you in advance.

    • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

      Hi Carey,
      Yes you can use the Milano Moka Pot with electric stoves, but if it is an electric induction stove, then you can not. Since the pot is made out of aluminium, induction stoves will not properly bond with and heat the pot to brew your moka coffee. All other stovetops work well to heat the pot though.
      Thanks for the question!

  5. Vivian Krueger says:

    I just made delicious coffee in my new red 6 cup moka pot. It was so easy to use and the red color cheers me up during this pandemic! How wonderful to be able to support your cause – everyone deserves fresh water Thank you

  6. Donna says:

    I just received my Grosche Moka Pot! I looked only be for the instructions since there really weren’t any included. As with the earlier poster, I don’t hear any sound coming from the pot. How long should the process take for the coffee to be ready?

  7. Bill R. says:

    I recently found my grandmother’s Moka pot from the 1950s. De-scaled it and started using it over my pour-over methods. My wife cautioned against cooking with aluminum so I ordered your 9-cup stainless steel Moka pot, which makes great coffee. What’s the verdict on aluminum Moka pots regarding aluminum leaching into coffee, which is highly acidic? Lastly, anodized aluminum seems safer than non-anodized cookware since it mitigates leaching. Are your Moka pots anodized? Thanks.

  8. Elizabeth Alcequiez says:

    I always use this type of coffee makers, but many others make a noise indicating the coffee is ready, this one makes not sound. I got mine from Amazon. Can you tell me how im going to know the coffee is ready?Any advises?

    • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

      Hi Elizabeth, thank you for reaching out!

      The Milano Moka Pot should make a low gurgling noise when the coffee is finished brewing, however it is not extremely loud. It is possible when brewing the coffee at a very low heat you may not hear any noise. If this is the case, keeping an eye on the coffee when it starts flowing into the top funnel will help you determine when it is finished.
      If you have any concerns, feel free to reach out to [email protected] and we can assist you further.

      Thanks again!

      • Patricia Gordon says:

        I just made my first batch in my brand new ‘9 cup’ Grosche. I know these are espresso sized cups but I only got just 2 espresso sized cups coffee after it was finished brewing. I filled reservoir and coffee filter as others have described .. help!

        • Victoria - GROSCHE Team says:

          Hi Patricia,
          It’s not necessarily meant to serve 9 espresso sized cups because every espresso cup is sized different. The cups it is referring to is 9 “demitasse” cups. Do you know how many ounces your espresso cups are? Also was there any water still left in the bottom?

  9. Barbara B says:

    I purchased your red 9-cup moka pot and I love it. I’m still trying to get the ratio’s right but the last few pots I made coffee that wasn’t clear…it looked muddy or opaque. In the box were no directions so I was hoping I didn’t get a fake one from Amazon or someone’s return. What am I doing wrong?

  10. Coffee a holic says:

    I have enjoyed moka espresso coffee for many years. a good Moka pot is worth its weight in Blue mountain coffee beans! have been happy with mine for a long time. nice to see the different colors like the red and the white its a nice touch.

  11. Pat says:

    Is it possible to get a smaller filter to produce just one serving. I realize I could just pour less than the full amount in the 3 cup model, but it seems like a waist of the coffee. I love the Milano Moka 3 cup espresso maker, just wish I could make less!

    • Helmi Ansari says:

      HI Pat, Ideally you would fill it all the way to the top. But you can fill it halfway and just use less water and adjust the ratio according to your taste and your preference. Thats not an issue. Its about getting the ratio right, and the way you like it. Filling it gives the ideal coffee and water combination, but you can certainly adjust it a bit. The only thing you should never do is to compress the coffee in the funnel filter in a moka coffee maker. Otherwise, go ahead and experiment.. The taste will still be the great classic moka pot flavor! Thanks for your comments!

  12. Lauren says:

    I received a small coffee maker as a wedding gift in 1977 and never knew how to use it. I just looked up the directions for making coffee with a Moka pot and it worked with my pot! So happy to finally use it. But, I am still wondering why I cannot find any information/photos on the type of pot I have. It basically works the same as moka but the brewed coffee travels up a metal arm and into the spout of a small ceramic coffeepot that sits atop the metal stand that’s filled with the hot water and coffee. Anyone know what this type is called?

    • That Cat says:

      That would be a dripolator. I only know because the coffee shop up the street shares the name, and has a collection of antique ones laying about. Rather unusual to come by these days, especially the type you described!

  13. Vince says:

    I’m trying to find a source to replace the small pressure relief valve in my unit. Over time, the relief pressure has gone down to the point where I do not get the crema anymore, and even with a relatively coarse grind, steam will escape the relief valve during brewing. I’m fairly certain that I won’t find this as an order-able spare part because it is a safety device (correct me if I’m wrong), so I’d be fine with ordering from a original supplier of these things. Where do these valves come from?

  14. Kevin says:

    This article is very misleading as this coffee maker does not make espresso. It is a moka pot and the pressure produced is about 1.1 bars; an espresso maker generates about 9 bars of pressure. A moka pot produces what is known as Turkish or Italian style coffee, darker and stronger than drip coffee but weaker and lighter then espresso. Do not buy a moka pot expecting to produce espresso.

    • Helmi Ansari says:

      Hi Kevin, you are right in that this isn’t the same as a high pressure espresso which brews around 7 bars of pressure. The Moka pot is known in the industry as a “low pressure espresso” since it does brew under some pressure, usually 1.1 to 2 bars as you have said (depending on the pot, the pack, and the coffee grind). Boiled coffee like Turkish coffee does not use pressure at all (just atmospheric) since its made in an open pot. A moka pot will brew at 1-2 bars of pressure max (up to 2 times atmospheric max). The safety valves in a moka pot are set to release before/at 3 bars as a precaution. When your pot is seasoned and the pack is right, its normal to get some crema when pressure exceeds around 1.2 bars. So yes, you are right! A low pressure espresso or just Moka coffee would be a more correct term for this type of coffee. Thanks for the great insight!

  15. Georgina says:

    Recently someone gave me this coffee is white and I love it, the only problem is that when I used it I ran a little coffee on the outside and I used different things to try to wipe the stain but it does not come out, maybe someone can suggest something that is really effective to remove stains from outside my coffee maker

    • Helmi Ansari says:

      HI Georgina, the best thing is to try to wash it with a soft sponge and some dish soap. All Moka pots will eventually tarnish from use over heat, that is their nature and the natural ageing process. It wont affect the use in any way, however.

  16. Mario Santilli says:

    I have a 9 cup Bialetti that is fairly old. It simply does not work well anymore. I have replaced the gasket and cleaned the screen, which when held up to the light, is clean. The only thing I can see that might be wrong is the coffee tray (holder) is somewhat distorted, not entirely round anymore. Last time I tried to use it without any coffee, just water, it would barely function at all even with high heat. Any idea what is going on?
    thanks, Mario
    P.S. I am very familiar with these pots and use a 3 cup every morning.

    • Helmi Ansari says:

      HI Mario, would you be able to send us a picture to get a better look at it?If the coffee funnel isnt sealing well against the water boiler (where it sits in the boiler pot), you could have some water bypassing around the coffee giving you inconsistent results.It doesn’t take much, even just a little bit can really change the taste of the coffee. Think of it like watering down the coffee, randomly, giving you inconsistent flavor. Id suggest trying to get a replacement funnel and hopefully that may fix it.
      Also (I’m sure you’ve already tried this), but the funnel has a screen that can get plugged, and it should be cleaned. As well as there is a screen that the silicone seal holds down, all those can be cleaned to keep the steam flowing through the pot properly.
      Also if you have hard water, try de-scaling it with some vinegar. Though Im not sure if that will tarnish the aluminium or not. Id suggest replacing the funnel as a start, and hopefully that will get you brewing again. Really hope that helps!

  17. Cari Wix says:

    That white espresso maker is beautiful! And this is a good article about making Italian style moka coffee. It really is so tasty, and once you make it its hard to go back to regular coffee. i find its a quite a bit stronger, though, than regular drop or french press coffee. and the caffeine levels are high too. So I dont drink it later in the evening as caffeine bothers me.

  18. Göran K. says:

    It is more popular to make the Italian style coffee as well. I picked up a second hand Grosche moka pot in Sweden from a small gourmet shop and am happy with how it works. I didnt know about your charitable work until recently, keep up the good work. I am happy when I chose to buy products from companies that do such good works, and your water projects are quite amazing. do you ship the rubber gaskets for the moka pot to Europe? I will need to replace them soon.

  19. Javier Miethke says:

    I thought it was a lot harder to use than this, but its pretty simple. Id suggest you add a little video to your blog to show how to make moka coffee. Its really quote delicious and easy to make. But l learnt the hard way not to put it in a dishwasher! with I had read your article sooner.

  20. Nelly 33 says:

    My grandmother used to make this for us in Italy, we just called it Coffee, not moka coffee or espresso. It is really so much better tasting than the standard American electric drip coffee, and has a rich flavor and aroma. These pots are so easy to use as well, its surprising more people dont use them to brew their coffees on a daily basis.

  21. Cecile Gardner says:

    Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyways, just wanted to say great blog and good article about espresso makers!

  22. Coffee Holic says:

    I dont know if I would call this an espresso, as most people prefer the machine made espresso which is even thicker than this. But more of a concentrated percolator coffee or Moka coffee Maker. Regardless, if you are a coffee lover you need one of these in your toolkit. A small cup does me well. I have a 3 cup for me and a 9 cup for when I have friends over.

  23. Fabruzzo P says:

    No more Bialetti for me, I prefer the soft touch handle on the grosche moka pot and its performed as well or better than my old Bialetti. And of course I like your social work too. My grandmother in Italy used to use these in her home and I have always as well. They make the best coffee, Italian style!

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